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General Instructions:
(i) All questions in both sections are compulsory. However, there is internal choice in some questions.
(ii) Marks for questions are indicated against each question.
(iii) Question No.1-3 and 15-19 are very short answer questions carrying 1 mark each. They are required to be answered in one sentence.
(iv) Question No.4-8 and 20-22 are short answer questions carrying 3 marks each. Answers to them should not normally exceed 60 words each.
(v) Question No.9-10 and 23-25 are also short answer questions carrying 4 marks each. Answers to them should not normally exceed 70 words each.
(vi) Question No.11-14 and 26-29 are long answer questions carrying 6 marks each. Answers to them should not normally exceed 100 words each.
(vii) Answers should be brief and to the point and the above word limit be adhered to as far as possible.
Question 1
  • Q1

    If Marginal Rate of Substitution is increasing throughout, the Indifference Curve will be : (Choose the correct alternative)
    (a) Downward sloping convex
    (b) Downward sloping concave
    (c) Downward sloping straight line
    (d) Upward sloping convex 

    VIEW SOLUTION

  • Q2

    Define budget line. 

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  • Q3

    If due to fall in the price of good X, demand for good Y rises, the two goods are : (Choose the correct alternative)
    (a) Substitutes
    (b) Complements
    (c) Not related
    (d) Competitive 

    VIEW SOLUTION

  • Q4

    Explain the significance of 'minus sign' attached to the measure of price elasticity of demand in case of a normal good, as compared to the 'plus sign' attached to the measure of price elasticity of supply. 

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  • Q5

    Giving reason comment on the shape of Production Possibilities Curve based on the following schedule:
     

    Good X (units) Good Y (units)
    0 16
    1 12
    2 8
    3 4
    4 0
     

    VIEW SOLUTION

  • Q6

    Explain why will a producer not be in equilibrium if the conditions of equilibrium are not met. 

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  • Q7

    What are the effects of 'price-floor' (minimum price ceiling) on the market of a good? Use diagram. 

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  • Q8

    Explain the implication of non-price competition in an oligopoly market. 

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  • Q9

    What is the behaviour of (a) Average Fixed Cost and (b) Average Variable Cost as more and more units of a good are produced ?


    OR

    Define Average Revenue. Show that Average Revenue and Price are same. 

    VIEW SOLUTION

  • Q10

    A consumer spends Rs 100 on a good priced at Rs 4 per unit. When its price falls by 25 percent, the consumer spends Rs 75 on the good. Calculate the price elasticity of demand by the Percentage method. 

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  • Q11

    Market for a good is in equilibrium. The supply of the good "increases". Explain the chain of effects of this change. 

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  • Q12

    Explain why will a producer not be in equilibrium if the conditions of equilibrium are not met. 

    VIEW SOLUTION

  • Q13

    What are the different phases in the Law of Variable Proportions in terms of marginal product ? Give reason behind each phase. Use diagram. 

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  • Q14

    A consumer consumes only two goods X and Y, both priced at Rs. 2 per unit. If the consumer chooses a combination of the two goods with Marginal Rate of Substitution equal to 2, is the consumer in equilibrium? Why or why not? What will a rational consumer do in this situation? Explain.


    OR

    A consumer consumes only two goods X and Y whose prices are Rs. 5 and Rs. 4 respectively. If the consumer chooses a combination of the two goods with marginal utility of X equal to 4 and that of Y equal to 5, is the consumer in equilibrium? Why or why not? What will a rational consumer do in this situation? Use utility analysis. 

    VIEW SOLUTION

  • Q15

    Primary deficit in a government budget is : (Choose the correct alternative)

    (a) Revenue expenditure − Revenue receipts
    (b) Total expenditure − Total receipts
    (c) Revenue deficit − Interest payments
    (d) Fiscal deficit − Interest payments 

    VIEW SOLUTION

  • Q16

    What is 'aggregate demand' in macroeconomics? 

    VIEW SOLUTION

  • Q17

    If MPC = 1, the value of multiplier is : (Choose the correct alternative)
    (a) 0
    (b) 1
    (c) Between 0 and 1
    (d) Infinity 

    VIEW SOLUTION

  • Q18

    Other things remaining the same, when in a country the market price of foreign currency falls, national income is likely : (Choose the correct alternative)

    (a) to rise
    (b) to fall
    (c) to rise or to fall
    (d) to remain unaffected 

    VIEW SOLUTION

  • Q19

    Direct tax is called direct because it is collected directly from : (Choose the correct alternative)
    (a) The producers on goods produced
    (b) The sellers on goods sold
    (c) The buyers of goods
    (d) The income earners 

    VIEW SOLUTION

  • Q20

    Where is 'borrowings from abroad' recorded in the Balance of Payments Accounts ? Give reasons. 

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  • Q21

    If the Real GDP is Rs 500 and Price Index (base = 100) is 125, calculate the Nominal GDP. 

    VIEW SOLUTION

  • Q22

    What are fixed and flexible exchange rates ?


    OR

    Explain the meaning of Managed Floating Exchange Rate. 

    VIEW SOLUTION

  • Q23

    An economy is in equilibrium. Calculate the Marginal Propensity to Save from the following :
    National Income = 1000
    Autonomous Consumption = 100
    Investment = 120 

    VIEW SOLUTION

  • Q24

    Explain the "Bankers' Bank function" of the central bank.


    OR

    Explain the "Bank of Issue function" of the central bank. 

    VIEW SOLUTION

  • Q25

    Currency is issued by the central bank, yet we say that commercial banks create money. Explain. How is this money creation by commercial banks likely to affect the national income ? Explain. 

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  • Q26

    Explain how the government can use the budgetary policy in reducing inequalities in incomes. 

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  • Q27

    Giving reason explain how the following should be treated in estimation of national income :
    (i) Payment of interest by a firm to a bank
    (ii) Payment of interest by a bank to an individual
    (iii) Payment of interest by an individual to a bank 

    VIEW SOLUTION

  • Q28

    What is 'deficient demand' ? Explain the role of 'Bank Rate' in removing it.


    OR

    What is 'excess demand' ? Explain the role of 'Reverse Repo Rate' in removing it. 

    VIEW SOLUTION

  • Q29

    Calculate 'Net National Product at Market Price' and 'Personal Income'.
     

        Rs
    (crores)
    (i) Transfer payments by government 7
    (ii) Government final consumption expenditure 50
    (iii) Net imports –10
    (iv) Net domestic fixed capital formation 60
    (v) Private final consumption expenditure 300
    (vi) Private income 280
    (vii) Net factor income to abroad –5
    (viii) Closing stock 8
    (ix) Opening stock 8
    (x) Depreciation 12
    (xi) Corporate tax 60
    (xii) Retained earnings of corporations 20
     

    VIEW SOLUTION

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